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Category: News

Spectrum of Drug-induced Chronic Diarrhea


The evaluation of a patient with chronic diarrhea can be quite frustrating, as it is expensive and involves multiple diagnostic studies. Moreover, identification of a drug as a cause of chronic diarrhea is a challenge in patients taking multiple medications. The disease may either be associated with intestinal mucosal changes, mimicking diseases such as celiac disease, or purely functional, with...Читать далее »

Novel and Experimental Therapies in Chronic Pancreatitis


Chronic pancreatitis (CP) is a progressive inflammatory disease of the pancreas. The currently available treatment of CP is aimed at controlling symptoms and managing complications. Unfortunately, no specific treatment is available to halt the progression of the disease process because the pathophysiological perturbations in CP are not well understood. In this review, we discuss various therapeutic targets and investigational...Читать далее »

Diagnosing Chronic Pancreatitis


Diagnosing CP can range from routine in those with severe disease and obvious calcifications on CT imaging to elusive in those patients with early changes in CP. The workup of suspected CP should follow a progressively noninvasive to more invasive STEP-wise approach in a patient with a suspicious clinical presentation and risk factors that raise their pretest probability of disease. After a thorough history and physical...Читать далее »

Systematic review with meta-analysis: the efficacy of prebiotics, probiotics, synbiotics and antibiotics in irritable bowel syndrome


BACKGROUND: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a chronic functional bowel disorder. Disturbances in the gastrointestinal microbiome may be involved in its aetiology. AIM: To perform a systematic review and meta-analysis to examine the efficacy of prebiotics, probiotics, synbiotics and antibiotics in IBS. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Controlled Trials Register were searched (up to July 2017). Randomised controlled trials...Читать далее »

Novel ciliate lipases for enzyme replacement during exocrine pancreatic insufficiency


AIM AND OBJECTIVES: Exocrine pancreatic insufficiency caused by inflammation or pancreatic tumors results in nutrient malfunction by a lack of digestive enzymes and neutralization compounds. Despite satisfactory clinical results with current enzyme therapies, a normalization of fat absorption in patients is rare. An individualized therapy is required that includes high dosage of enzymatic units, usage of enteric coating, and...Читать далее »

Ataluren-driven restoration of Shwachman-Bodian-Diamond syndrome protein function in Shwachman-Diamond syndrome bone marrow cells


Shwachman-Diamond syndrome (SDS) is a rare inherited recessive disease mainly caused by mutations in the Shwachman-Bodian-Diamond syndrome (SBDS) gene, which encodes for the homonymous protein SBDS, whose function still remains to be fully established. SDS affects several organs causing bone marrow failure, exocrine pancreatic insufficiency, skeletal malformations, and cognitive disorders. About 15% of SDS patients develop myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and...Читать далее »

Diagnosis and treatment of pancreatic exocrine insufficiency


PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Pancreatic exocrine insufficiency (PEI), defined as a secretion of pancreatic enzymes and bicarbonate insufficient to maintain a normal digestion, is a frequent but frequently underdiagnosed and undertreated condition. PEI may be secondary to different pancreatic diseases and extrapancreatic conditions. Recent data support the high clinical relevance of PEI and its treatment. RECENT FINDINGS: Together with symptoms...Читать далее »

The role of central pancreatectomy in pancreatic surgery: a systematic review and meta-analysis


BACKGROUND: The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to compare the clinical outcomes of central pancreatectomy (CP) with distal pancreatectomy (DP) and pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD). METHODS: A systematic literature research in PubMed/Medline, Embase and Cochrane Library was performed to identify articles reporting CP from January 1983 to November 2017. RESULTS: Fifty studies with 1305 patients undergoing CP were identified. The...Читать далее »

The prevalence of small intestinal bacterial overgrowth in non-surgical patients with chronic pancreatitis and pancreatic exocrine insufficiency (PEI)


BACKGROUND: Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) is a condition characterised by symptoms similar to pancreatic exocrineinsufficiency (PEI) in chronic pancreatitis patients. SIBO is thought to complicate chronic pancreatitis in up to 92% of cases; however, studies are heterogeneous and protocols non-standardised. SIBO may be determined by measuring lung air-expiration of either hydrogen or methane which are...Читать далее »

Morphological and functional alterations of small intestine in chronic pancreatitis


CONTEXT: The small intestine in chronic pancreatitis has not been investigated yet thoroughly. It would be important to understand fat metabolism in the course of this disease and could be explained if the small intestine has some pathological conditions and, due to this reason, pancreatic enzyme substitution does not work in all patients. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the pathophysiology of small intestine in chronic pancreatitis...Читать далее »

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